« 負けるな町工場 | Main | なぜおいしいアイスクリームが売れないの? »

February 21, 2007

発明家たちの思考回路

Hatumeikatashinosikoukairo
 【今週の一冊】
 ●『発明家たちの思考回路』
  奇抜なアイデアを生み出す技術

  著:エヴァン・I・シュワルツ (訳)桃井緑美子(ランダムハウス講談社)
  2006.1 / ¥1,995

----ものづくりを応援!技術士やまさんの「えんぢに屋本舗」-----

 ◆ 燃える一言 ◆


 『知性にパワーをそそぐエネルギーを誰でも同じだけもっている。
   
     それを正しい経路に導き、
          思いがけない神経回路の結合をつくりつづければ、
  
                発明という特別な創造性が生まれるのだ』


-----------------------------------

 エジソンよりも数ヶ月も先に、スワンが白熱電球の実演をしてみせたのは、
 有名な話です。
 
 しかし、白熱電球の「発明者」として、富と名声を受けたのがエジソンであ
 ったのはなぜでしょうか。
 
 一般に発明家とは、ヒット製品のアイデアを最初に思いついた人と思われて
 いますが、筆者は「さまざまな分野からさまざまなアイデアを集めて、他人
 の思い描いたことを実現するもののことだ」と言います。
 
 だから、発明とは特定の分野の科学者やエンジニアだけの才能ではなく、「
 発明は学び取ってどんな領域にも応用できる分野」と考えるべきであり、そ
 の手法を、古今東西の事例から本書は紹介しています。
 
 
 発明は「解決する問題」が新しくなくてもかまわないのです。
 
 新しくなければならないのは、「問題のとらえ方」です。
 
 例えば、電話があったら便利だ、と最初に気付いたのはグラハム・ベルでは
 なく、ベルが通話に成功する15年も前から、電話をつくろうとしていた発明
 家たちがいました。
 
 しかし、彼らは「トン・ツー」の電信装置の延長に考えていたため、複雑で
 振幅のある人間の話し声を送信することはできませんでした。
 
 一方、ベルは電気や電信の知識はなかったものの、耳の不自由な母をもった
 ために、「耳と音」を理解しようとする欲求から、音の振動を「連続した」
 電流のパターンで遅れることを発見したのです。
 
 
 また、すばらしい可能性を創出し、解決すべき問題を正しく突きとめても、
 問題解決への正しい道を知っているとは限りません。
 
 発明家はこのような窮状をバネとして、同じ障害に取り組んだ者が試みて行
 き詰った原因を調べ、前進します。
 
 古くは、ライト兄弟は初飛行を成功させるまでに、あらゆる飛行に関する文
 献を調査し、問題は「動力」ではなく「制御とバランスの維持」であると気
 づき、翼の位置を制御する「たわみ翼」を発明しました。
 
 最近の事例であれば、CTスキャン装置は従来、全身を走査するのに何分も
 かかり、患者が呼吸をするだけで画像が乱れるやっかいな代物でした。
 
 その解決策は「X線検出装置を増やすか、検出器の速度を上げる」ことと考
 えられていましたが、カール・クロフォードは、「間を空けて1枚ずつ断層
 撮影するのではなく、らせん状に検出器を回転させて連続的に撮影する」新
 たな方法に置き換えました。
 
 それは次なる新たなデータ処理方法という問題を生みましたが、これらの壁
 をよじ登ってこそ、世の中を変える「発明」となったのです。
 
 
 「イノベーション」が合言葉のようになっている今こそ、「研究・開発」の
 前に、「発明」を積極的に生み出す努力が求められています。

-----------------------------------
 ◇ カンドコロ! ◇
 
 「アナロジー(類推)」は、発明家の発想のエネルギーだ。
 
 問題の解決(ターゲット)に、過去の類似した経験や知識(ベース)を利用
 するのがアナロジーの応用だ。
 
 発明家はこの対応付けが得意だが、パターン認識ができれば誰にでもできる。
 
 レオナルド・ダ・ヴィンチが思いついた「空飛ぶ機械」は、回転して木材を
 持ち上げる「ねじ」のアナロジーで、「エアスクリュー(プロペラ)」の着
 想を得た。
 
 ウディ・ノリスはオーディオシステムに最後に残った機械部品、「スピーカ
 ー」をなくすための方法を、アナロジーで探した。
 
 そして持ち込んだのは、アートの分野からだった。
 
 画家が絵の具を混ぜて新しい色を作り出す、「混ぜる」と言う行為から、空
 気中で音を作るには、周波数の異なる「音」を混ぜて新しい音波をつくれば
 いい、と考えた。
 
 10万ヘルツと10万1,000ヘルツの超音波を足したら、可聴域の1,000ヘルツの
 音が作れないかと。
 
 もちろん、テストは簡単にはできず、同じ着想で研究した大企業は次々と断
 念したが、ついにノリスは二つの超音波発信器からなる、スピーカーの一切
 ない「ハイパーソニック・サウンド」を作り出したのだ。

───────────────────────────────────
 ◆ 熱い行動 ◆
 「必要は発明の母」ではない。「発明は必要の母」だ。
 問題を感じていないところに問題を見つけてこそ、必要が明らかになる。
 
 「インスピレーション」も「セレンディピティ」も偶然ではない。
 偶然は準備のできている者だけに訪れる。
-----------------------------------
 ◆ 燃えるゲージ ◆ | 炎 | 炎 | 炎 | (炎3つが満点)
-----------------------------------
 発明の原動力は何か
 可能性を創出する
 問題をつきとめる
 パターンを認識する
 チャンスを引き寄せる
 境界を横断する
 障害を見極める
 アナロジーを応用する
 完成図を視覚化する
 失敗を糧にする
 アイデアを積み重ねる
 システムとして考える
 エピローグ―もっと上を、もっと外をめざして
-----------------------------------
 ◆ 関連ページ ◆
 ・ハイパーソニック・サウンド
 ・出版社 ランダムハウス講談社
 ・アマゾン 『発明家たちの思考回路』
 
----ものづくりを応援!技術士やまさんの「えんぢに屋本舗」-----

|

« 負けるな町工場 | Main | なぜおいしいアイスクリームが売れないの? »

Comments

Posted by: Small Business Loans | April 01, 2010 at 01:51 AM

I'm Glad i discovered this blog.Added endinear.way-nifty.com to my bookmark! Check out my Kissing Guide !

Posted by: Kissing Guide | February 17, 2011 at 05:16 PM

Posted by: ルブタン 靴 通販 | August 25, 2012 at 09:53 AM

私達は送料無料。弊社のしょうひんはEMS(国際速達郵便) 4~7日以内にお宅に到着できます。
だから、もらうことがなれば、ご連絡して下さい。
弊社は一番いいショッピになることを努めります。
あなたのご光臨を期待致します。

精力剤:http://www.kanpoucom.com/energy/
紅蜘蛛:http://www.kanpoucom.com/product/311.html
三便宝:http://www.kanpoucom.com/product/150.html
花痴:http://www.kanpoucom.com/product/312.html
RU486:http://www.kanpoucom.com/product/113.html
三鞭粒:http://www.kanpoucom.com/product/449.html
九鞭粒:http://www.kanpoucom.com/product/436.html

Posted by: 三便宝 | November 07, 2012 at 05:13 PM

最 も良い 品 質、 最 低 の 価 格、最 も 周 到 な サ ービス 、信 用 日 本 の 第 一
あな たの 選 択 を 信 じ て、 私 達 の 品 質 を も 信 じ ま す.
今、 広 大な 取 引 先 に 報 い る た め.
当 店 は 今 す で に3つ の 第 一.を や り遂 げ ま し た
第 1 時 間 は 出 荷 し ま す.
花痴:http://www.花痴.net
三便宝:http://www.三便宝.net
三便宝:http://www.三便宝.com
巨人倍増:http://www.巨人倍増.net
巨人倍増:http://www.xxkanpo.com/product/38.html
狼1号:http://www.xxkanpo.com/product/62.html
威哥王 販売:http://www.xxkanpo.com/product/55.html

Posted by: 狼1号 | November 07, 2012 at 05:21 PM

dialogue regarding this article at this place at this website, I have read all that, so now me also commenting here.| I am sure this post has touched all the internet users, its really really good paragraph on building up new blog.| Wow, this article is nice, my sister is analyzing these kinds of things, thus I am going to inform her.| Saved as a favorite, I like your website!| Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you ugg boots uk sale

Posted by: ugg boots uk sale | December 03, 2013 at 09:38 AM

Great article. I'm dealing with some of these issues as well..

Posted by: cheap michael kors wallets | January 05, 2014 at 06:44 AM

dialogue on the topic of this piece of writing here at this website, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.| I am sure this piece of writing has touched all the internet users, its really really pleasant paragraph on building up new weblog.| Wow, this piece of writing is pleasant, my sister is analyzing these things, thus I am going to let know her.| Saved as a favorite, I like your site!| Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you michael kors outlet md

Posted by: michael kors outlet md | January 14, 2014 at 01:44 PM

dialogue on the topic of this post here at this blog, I have read all that, so now me also commenting at this place.| I am sure this post has touched all the internet users, its really really nice piece of writing on building up new website.| Wow, this paragraph is fastidious, my sister is analyzing these things, therefore I am going to tell her.| Saved as a favorite, I love your site!| Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you coach outlet ontario mills

Posted by: coach outlet ontario mills | January 19, 2014 at 02:13 AM

Wow, this post is fastidious, my younger sister is analyzing these things, thus I am going to convey her.

Posted by: coach outlet | January 30, 2014 at 01:47 PM

I'm a coder and I've just come up with a cutting edge online dating web site. I'm looking out for 'beta' test candidates to browse and test it out. Want to subscribe? We're going to pay you.

Posted by: Fat Burning Chef Review | February 21, 2014 at 04:36 PM

My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on several websites for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Posted by: istockphoto promo code | March 29, 2014 at 03:30 PM

Hi, I think yoսr blog might be haviոg browser compatibility issues. Ԝhen I loοk аt үour website in Chrome, іt looks fine bսt wheո оpening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I ʝust wɑnted tο givе yοu а quick heads up! Otheг thеn thаt, excellent blog!

Posted by: istockphoto coupon code | March 29, 2014 at 05:08 PM

Howdy, I do think your blog may be having web browser compatibility problems. When I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in I.E., it's got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Aside from that, wonderful site!

Posted by: istockphoto free | May 26, 2014 at 05:23 AM

I used to be suggested this website by way of my cousin. I'm not certain whether or not this publish is written through him as nobody else realize such special about my trouble. You are amazing! Thanks!

Posted by: photo agencies | June 01, 2014 at 06:44 PM

cheap jordans, 69.99% Offer & Fast USPS Delivery!! More From cheap air jordans

Posted by: cheap air jordans | June 28, 2014 at 02:51 AM

authentic michael kors to turnover this wrist watch approximately the particular two isolate calls.19 into authentic michael kors factory unquestionably the "activity Runway" browser, bringing about lost murmurs in the audience.One collection maintained a large number people patterns put in tact. consuming preserve authentic michael kors handbags your dull project relating to washer your brain.espresso in myocardial infarction 300mg substance abuse giddiness louis vuitton handbags http://www.arknursingstudents.com/?index=louis-vuitton-handbags surely could respond, "amazingly well, they will be most certainly misunderstood,several other sujestion is to spotlight a variety of child past

Posted by: Cheap Michael Kors Handbags Outlet | September 01, 2014 at 06:31 AM

I've been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

Posted by: Deadtrigger2Hack.kirkperkins.com | October 03, 2014 at 11:02 AM

I was able to find good advice from your blog articles. cheap retro jordans

Posted by: cheap retro jordans | October 16, 2014 at 07:37 AM

What's up i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anyplace, when i read this paragraph i thought i could also create comment due to this good post. http://plataformac.com/

Posted by: http://plataformac.com/ | January 07, 2015 at 02:18 AM

Hey there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a marvellous job!

Posted by: best dating sites | January 13, 2015 at 01:28 AM

You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I'm looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

Posted by: best dating sites | January 14, 2015 at 08:19 PM

Valuable information. Lucky me I found your site by accident, and I am stunned why this accident did not came about earlier! I bookmarked it.

Posted by: best dating sites | January 19, 2015 at 03:26 PM

Seeing him would tell her what was really going on between them. She followed up by saying, almost emphasizing, everything comes off except your underpants. "It was being alone with him in her personal tuition lessons that she first became aware she had urges she wasn't used to.

Posted by: Sluty Teen Laundry Handjob | Free Teens Porn Videos | January 21, 2015 at 10:43 PM

If some οne wіshes to bе updated with hottest technologies therefore he must be visit this web page and be up to date everyԁay.

Posted by: freshwater aquarium supplies wholesale | January 22, 2015 at 10:38 PM

I used to be able to find good advice from your content.

Posted by: prawo jazdy | January 24, 2015 at 08:12 PM

Players can download the tool for free from the website using the direct link.

Posted by: Hay Day Hack Cheats - Hack, Cheats Android, iOS games. | January 24, 2015 at 08:23 PM

Hi there colleagues, good paragraph and nice urging commented at this place, I am really enjoying by these.

Posted by: reklama | January 25, 2015 at 07:51 AM

I just like the valuable info you supply to your articles. I'll bookmark your blog and check once more here regularly. I am fairly sure I will be informed a lot of new stuff proper here! Best of luck for the next!

Posted by: estafa | January 25, 2015 at 12:18 PM

I am sure thnis post has touched all the internet users, its really reallyy nice paragraph on building up new website.

Posted by: home remedies for heartburn | January 27, 2015 at 03:28 AM

Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

Posted by: Jess | January 27, 2015 at 08:30 AM

Tɦank yօu, I've јust Ƅeen searching for informаtiοn about this topic for ages and yours is tҺe greatest I've Ԁiscovered so far. However, wɦat concerning the conclusion? Are yoս sure concerning thе supply?

Posted by: reef led lighting kit | February 01, 2015 at 07:13 PM

Hi there, its nice piece of writing on the topic of media print, we all be aware of media is a enormous source of information. michael kors bag

Posted by: michael kors bag | February 03, 2015 at 08:03 PM

Then leave your computer, do what you need to, and come back later to harvest. The Blues hitman - who notched for Spain in a Euro 2016 qualifier on Sunday night - has hit the back of the net nine times in the English top flight since arriving from Atletico Madrid. ( 1.

Posted by: fifa 14 generator no survey | February 04, 2015 at 08:54 AM

Aber die paramedizinische Lobby ist trotzdem ziemlich aktiv.

Posted by: manuelle lympdrainage | February 06, 2015 at 12:19 PM

Keep this going please, great job!

Posted by: smijesni klipovi | February 11, 2015 at 11:51 AM

These are actually great ideas in regarding blogging. You have touched some fastidious things here. Any way keep up wrinting. uggs outlet stores

Posted by: uggs outlet stores | February 12, 2015 at 12:01 AM

What's up, all is going perfectly here and ofcourse every one is sharing information, that's actually good, keep up writing.

Posted by: sbo222 | February 12, 2015 at 05:21 PM

Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I'll just sum it up what I submitted and say, I'm thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I'm still new to the whole thing. Do you have any suggestions for first-time blog writers? I'd really appreciate it.

Posted by: videoclips | February 27, 2015 at 08:57 PM

Nice response in return of this matter with real arguments and describing the whole thing concerning that.

Posted by: survival shelters | February 28, 2015 at 12:35 PM

I feel this is among the so much vital information for me. And i'm happy studying your article. However wanna commentary on few common things, The site taste is great, the articles is actually nice : D. Good process, cheers uggs boots outlet

Posted by: uggs boots outlet | March 01, 2015 at 12:35 AM

My spouse and I stumbled over here different web page and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly. Louboutin Outlet

Posted by: Louboutin Outlet | March 01, 2015 at 06:47 AM

Incredible points. Great arguments. Keep up the great work.

Posted by: 3 Week Diet Plan | March 01, 2015 at 04:17 PM

Hmm it seems like your site ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I'll just sum it up what I had written and say, I'm thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I'm still new to everything. Do you have any points for beginner blog writers? I'd really appreciate it. christian louboutin shop online

Posted by: christian louboutin shop online | March 01, 2015 at 04:39 PM

Wow, awesome blog format! How long havе ʏou ever beden runing a blog for? you made blogging glance easy. Thе full lok οf your website is magnificent, let alone the content material!

Posted by: How To Bypass Sharecash Surveys | March 01, 2015 at 06:38 PM

I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images. Maybe you could space it out better? Michael kors handbags>

Posted by: Michael kors handbags | March 12, 2015 at 06:45 AM

Appreciate this post. Will try it out.

Posted by: painter in tampa fl | March 24, 2015 at 12:23 PM

Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided brilliant transparent idea

Posted by: smijesni klipovi | March 25, 2015 at 08:18 PM

Hurrah, that's what I was exploring for, what a stuff! present here at this web site, thanks admin of this web site.

Posted by: plant grow easily | March 30, 2015 at 10:08 AM

Not only is does the lacquer produce a higher gloss shine, but it nevertheless permits the unique richness with the leather to shine by means of. They are made of canvas and with that another material PVC is added to make them water proof. s apparel has been in the fashion world of the women for as long as anyone can remember.

Posted by: louis vuitton online | March 30, 2015 at 11:44 AM

Wow, this paragraph is good, my younger sister is analyzing these things, therefore I am going to let know her.

Posted by: free music Downloads | April 03, 2015 at 05:45 PM

I'm really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It's a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Fantastic work!

Posted by: call of duty ghosts prestige hack tool download | April 07, 2015 at 04:02 PM

I think that everything said made a bunch of sense. But, what about this? what if you added a little content? I mean, I don't want to tell you how to run your blog, but suppose you added something that makes people desire more? I mean 発明家たちの思考回路: ものづくりを応援!技術士やまさんの『えんぢに屋本舗』 is a little boring. You might peek at Yahoo's front page and see how they create news headlines to get viewers to open the links. You might try adding a video or a pic or two to grab people excited about everything've written. In my opinion, it might bring your website a little livelier.

Posted by: Watch Fast Furious 7 | April 08, 2015 at 10:57 PM

Thank you for thee good writeup. It in fact wwas a amusement account it. Look advancdd to more added agreeable fromm you! However, how can we communicate?

Posted by: top eleven cheats android | April 11, 2015 at 12:31 PM

Wow, this piece of writing is fastidious, my younger sister is analyzing such things, therefore I am going to tell her.

Posted by: domace vijesti | April 13, 2015 at 09:13 PM

Thanks to the iPod is the only two I use it instead off eleven. Sekarang mari kita kenali lebih lanjut tentang jaringan konektivitas di mana saja di seluruh dunia. You can pjrchase oone that is expandable upto 1GB, the black colored Solar Surge. It isn't dogpile compatible together with a classic look. Now you will need to throttle down the middle of 2007. And so, Ihave bren doing this when it comes to the way to keep the government leaders after a shor span, but you know, the BlackBeerry smadt phones in severall pieces.

Posted by: online business | April 15, 2015 at 11:10 PM

This info is invaluable. How can I find out more?

Posted by: Trim Cleanse | April 16, 2015 at 06:12 PM

I'm really inspired along with your writing skills as neatly as with the format on your blog. Is that this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to see a nice blog like this one these days..

Posted by: lustige bilder zum totlachen | April 18, 2015 at 02:05 PM

I'd like to find out more? I'd want to find out more details.

Posted by: domace vijesti | April 19, 2015 at 12:17 AM

My partner and I absolutely love your blolg and find most off your post's to be just what I'm looking for. Would you orfer guest wditers to write content for you personally? I wouldn't mind creating a post or elaborating on most of the subjects yoou write in relation to here. Again, awessome web log!

Posted by: thedetour.co.uk | April 19, 2015 at 10:52 AM

Hello! I realize this is kind of off-topic but I had to ask. Does managing a well-established blog like yours require a large amount of work? I am brand new to operating a blog however I do write in my journal everyday. I'd like to start a blog so I will be able to share my experience and feelings online. Please let me know if you have any kind of suggestions or tips for new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

Posted by: Vibrant Skin Care | April 21, 2015 at 03:57 AM

Hurrah, that's what I was exploring for, what a information! existing here at this weblog, thanks admin of this web site.

Posted by: vijesti | April 23, 2015 at 05:59 AM

Link exchange is nothing else however it iss only placing tthe other person's weblog link onn your page at appropriate place and other person will also do same for you.

Posted by: quick payday loans | May 03, 2015 at 08:51 PM

It's actually very complicated in this busy life to listen news on TV, so I juust use interrnet for tha reason, and get the newest information.

Posted by: toy | June 28, 2015 at 01:25 PM

рornoaցogօ.fr This domain is expired. If you are the domain owner please click here to renew it. рornoagogo.fr 2015 Copyright. All Rights Reserved. The Sponsored Listings displayed above are sеrved automatically by a third pаrty. Neither tɦe service provider nor the domаin օwner maintain any relationship with the advertisers. In ϲase of tгademark іssues please contact the domain owner direϲtly (contact infߋrmation can be found in whois). Privaсy Poliϲy

Posted by: sextoys Fifty Shades | July 01, 2015 at 03:32 AM

Post a comment



(Not displayed with comment.)




TrackBack

TrackBack URL for this entry:
http://app.cocolog-nifty.com/t/trackback/48474/13994748

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference 発明家たちの思考回路:

« 負けるな町工場 | Main | なぜおいしいアイスクリームが売れないの? »